NOTES
Just as, when you read a story, the words are organized into sentences, paragraphs and chapters, music has its own way of being organized. The smallest piece of music, of course is just one note. The image below is of one note, on a space within a staff.




STAFF
A staff is a group of 5 lines. Each line, and the 4 spaces between the lines, represents a different musical pitch, or note.

NOTES
are arranged on the staff according to their pitch or how high or low the sound is. In the example below, the notes' position tells the reader that each note is higher in pitch than the note before it.

ascending_notes

The notes are named with letters, from "A" to "G". In the example below, you can see how each note, as you read from left to right, is one step higher than the previous note. You might notice that in this example, there are three notes named "A". Each "A" from left to right is one octave higher than the "A" before.note names

Names of notes on the spaces of the staff

mnemonics

One way to remember the names of the notes is to use a mnemotic, or "memory helper" such as the word "FACE" to help you remember the names of the notes on the spaces of the staff.

Names of notes on the lines of the staff note names

The notes on the lines can be remembered by the above silly phrase (Elephants Get Big Dirty Feet). Or, make up your own mnemotic to help you remember the names of the notes on the lines!

open violin strings
The open strings - G is the lowest, or farthest to the left, if you are holding the violin.
open viola strings
The open strings - C is the lowest, or farthest to the left, if you are holding the viola.